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Are Electric Scooters Legal in West Virginia?

Updated on December 1st, 2023

In West Virginia, electric scooters are categorized as 'Motor-driven cycles' under the motor vehicle law. This includes a subset of devices known as 'mopeds' for legal and regulatory purposes. Electric scooters are required to conform to motor vehicle laws, necessitating titling and registration. While they are subject to many of the same rules as motorcycles, there are also specific regulations that apply to their use on roads, including the prohibition of sidewalk riding. Local ordinances should also be consulted for additional restrictions or allowances, such as permissible operation on bike paths.

The suggested guidance from the State of West Virginia is that electric cooters would fall under the e-bike / moped category.

  • E-bikes are defined as "mopeds" under West Virginia law. As "mopeds," e-bikes are not subject to all of the same rules of the road that apply to bicycles.
  • As a "moped," an e-bike is a form of motor vehicle and is subject to motor vehicle laws including licensing, registration, and insurance.
  • E-bike riders must wear helmets.
  • E-bike riders must be at least 15 years of age.
  • E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks.
  • Consult your local authority or agency for information regarding whether e-bikes are permitted on bicycle paths in your area.

Max Speed

Not to exceed 30 miles per hour on a flat surface.

Minimum Age

Must be at least 16 years of age to operate without supervision.

Helmets Required? 

Yes, for all riders under the age of 18 and all operators of a 'motor-driven cycle'.

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