top of page

Use code SCNEWCUST15 for 15% off ALL scooters through month-end.  Redeem here

Understanding Electric Scooters: A Comprehensive Guide to How They Work

Electric scooters, or e-scooters, have become a popular mode of urban transportation, offering a quick and eco-friendly alternative to traditional vehicles. But what powers these sleek machines, and how do they function?

At the heart of every electric scooter is its motor, which is powered by a rechargeable battery. Typically, these batteries are lithium-ion and are located either in the deck of the scooter or attached to the frame. The battery's role is to store electrical energy, which it receives when you plug the scooter into an electricity source to recharge.

To get the scooter moving, a rider usually kicks off the ground to start, then engages the motor by pressing a throttle button or twisting a handle, depending on the scooter's design. Once activated, the motor draws current from the battery and converts it into mechanical energy, propelling the scooter forward.

Electric scooters are usually equipped with a hub motor located in one of the wheels—front, rear, or both. Hub motors are advantageous for their compact design and efficient transmission of power directly to the wheel. Some models use belt or chain-driven systems where the motor is separate from the wheel, but these are less common due to their higher maintenance requirements.

Furthermore, the scooter's controller, the 'brain' of the electric scooter, manages the power flow from the battery to the motor. It regulates the speed and acceleration, based on the input from the throttle, and helps maintain efficient energy consumption. This ensures both optimal performance and safety.

Most electric scooters come with an LED display or control panel that allows riders to monitor the battery life, control the lighting, and sometimes check the speed and range. These interfaces vary by model and can offer additional features like Bluetooth connectivity for a more interactive experience.

For stopping power, e-scooters are typically equipped with a combination of mechanical and electrical braking systems. Electric brakes help to regenerate the battery by using the motor's resistance to slow down the scooter, while mechanical brakes, such as disc or drum brakes, provide the necessary stopping force in urgent situations.

As for the ride quality, it's influenced by various factors, including tire type—pneumatic (air-filled) or solid (airless)—and suspension systems. Pneumatic tires offer a smoother ride but require more maintenance, whereas solid tires are puncture-proof but can deliver a stiffer riding experience.

In summary, the operation of an electric scooter involves a harmonious interplay between the battery, motor, controller, and brakes, all seamlessly integrated to provide a convenient and sustainable method of transport. As technology advances, we can expect future models to become even more efficient, powerful, and feature-rich.

Levy Electric Scooter Icons

Start a Fleet

Start a rental fleet with Levy

Levy Electric Scooter Icons


Wholesale Levy scooters at your online store or shop

Levy Electric Scooter Icons

Retail Partners

Wholesale Levy scooters at your 
online store or shop

Levy Electric Scooter Icons

Tag us

Follow and tag us on social!

Brand Ambassador

Earn money for referring friends and growing the network

Service Guides

DIY repair tools, videos, and more


Interested in working at Levy?


Invest in the Levy Network

Levy Locations

Find our rental, repair, and store locations

The Levy App

Download the Levy app to find scooters closest to you


Technical specs for all of our scooters


The Levy swappable battery system

Spare Parts

Every spare part you need for your scooter


Choose the Levy scooter that suits you best


Learn more about electric scooter tires


Bags, phone holders, helmets and more

Levy Electric Scooter Icon

The everyday electric scooter, perfect for the daily commute.

Levy Electric Scooter Fleets Icon

Start a rental fleet with Levy scooters and software

Levy Plus Electric Scooter Icon

Our high-end, long range cruiser with double the range of the Levy.

Support Center

FAQs, how-to videos, and quick start guides

Shipping App

Discounted shipping labels for moving your scooter (or any package).

Range Calculator

Estimate real-world range for any scooter

Electric Scooter Laws

Electric scooter laws by state & city


Subscribe to a scooter for $70/month

Shop Locator

Find a location to test ride or bring your Levy in to get repaired


Get in touch with our team

Quick-start guide

Get started with your Levy

Returns & Warranty

Every spare part you need for your scooter

Shipping Policy

Shipping Policy US and International

bottom of page