top of page

Use code SCNEWCUST15 for 15% off ALL scooters through month-end.  Redeem here

Understanding the Mechanics of Electric Scooter Hub Motors

Electric scooters are revolutionizing urban transport, offering an eco-friendly alternative to conventional vehicles. At the heart of many electric scooters is the hub motor, a key component that propels riders smoothly across the city streets. But how exactly does an electric scooter hub motor work?

Let's dive into the mechanics of this ingenious invention. The hub motor, typically located in the wheel of the scooter, operates on the principles of electromagnetism. It's an elegant solution that packs both the electric motor and the wheel into a single unit. This simplicity is part of what makes electric scooters so reliable and easy to maintain.

When the rider activates the throttle, the scooter's battery sends a surge of electricity to the hub motor. Inside the motor, this electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy. The process involves a series of electromagnetic coils within the motor that create a magnetic field. As electricity passes through these coils, the field interacts with permanent magnets on the motor's rotor. This interaction is governed by the Lorentz force, which causes the rotor to spin — and with it, the wheel.

The beauty of the hub motor design lies in its directness; there's no need for gears, chains, or belts. This direct drive system means that the power from the motor translates into motion more efficiently, with fewer parts that can wear out over time. Plus, with regenerative braking systems now common in electric scooters, coming to a stop can actually help recharge the battery, thanks to the motor functioning in reverse to turn kinetic energy back into electrical energy.

Electric scooter hub motors come in varying power ratings, usually measured in watts. Higher wattage motors provide more torque and can handle steeper inclines or heavier riders, while less powerful motors are suitable for flat terrain and lighter-weight use. This customization means that electric scooters can cater to a wide range of needs, from the casual commuter to the delivery professional.

In summary, the electric scooter hub motor is a marvel of modern engineering — compact, efficient, and effective. It enables scooters to deliver a clean mode of transportation that's suitable for the demands of contemporary city living. As technology continues to advance, we can only expect these motors to become even more powerful and efficient, further cementing the electric scooter's place as a staple in urban mobility.

Levy Electric Scooter Icons

Start a Fleet

Start a rental fleet with Levy

Levy Electric Scooter Icons


Wholesale Levy scooters at your online store or shop

Levy Electric Scooter Icons

Retail Partners

Wholesale Levy scooters at your 
online store or shop

Levy Electric Scooter Icons

Tag us

Follow and tag us on social!

Brand Ambassador

Earn money for referring friends and growing the network

Service Guides

DIY repair tools, videos, and more


Interested in working at Levy?


Invest in the Levy Network

Levy Locations

Find our rental, repair, and store locations

The Levy App

Download the Levy app to find scooters closest to you


Technical specs for all of our scooters


The Levy swappable battery system

Spare Parts

Every spare part you need for your scooter


Choose the Levy scooter that suits you best


Learn more about electric scooter tires


Bags, phone holders, helmets and more

Levy Electric Scooter Icon

The everyday electric scooter, perfect for the daily commute.

Levy Electric Scooter Fleets Icon

Start a rental fleet with Levy scooters and software

Levy Plus Electric Scooter Icon

Our high-end, long range cruiser with double the range of the Levy.

Support Center

FAQs, how-to videos, and quick start guides

Shipping App

Discounted shipping labels for moving your scooter (or any package).

Range Calculator

Estimate real-world range for any scooter

Electric Scooter Laws

Electric scooter laws by state & city


Subscribe to a scooter for $70/month

Shop Locator

Find a location to test ride or bring your Levy in to get repaired


Get in touch with our team

Quick-start guide

Get started with your Levy

Returns & Warranty

Every spare part you need for your scooter

Shipping Policy

Shipping Policy US and International

bottom of page